Monday, November 10, 2008

What I like in C# 3.0 and what I would like to see in Java

Nevertheless I'm working mostly with Java right now, Microsoft .NET platform and C# is also the stuff I'm very interested to know. I've been developing on Microsoft .NET since 2002 and I'm really excited how such efforts and investments Microsoft is putting to it. Sun seems to miss the train ...

Java 1.5 had been a great, innovative release either of the language and platform. Sun's answer to Microsoft's C# 2.0. But not enough ... Microsoft delivered C# 3.0 so far with great features inside: enhanced initialization (type instances & collections), anonymous types and delegates, LINQ, lambda-functions ( == closures) ... As a developer, I'm really excited about those things. Many of them I would like to have in Java as well.

1) Collection initialization

Collection < int > integers = new ArrayList< int >() { 1, 2, 3, 4 };
ArrayList < int > list = { 1, 2, 3, 4 };

2) Closures

This is a most wanted featured I guess. Any modern language has to support it. Groovy is very good complementary of Java with excellent language syntax tradeoffs.

db.eachRow( "SELECT * FROM uses" ) { user ->
// Do something here

3) Class initialization by property names

Employee employee = new Employee() {
FirstName = "Bob",
LastName = "Smith"

4) Enhanced generics (parametrized types) support
Even Java 1.5 brings something like C# generics (which both are similar to C++ templates), the Java's implementation is the worst. It's my point of view.

// I would like to have something like this. Of course, it means that some
// type T has to have default constructor. C# uses constraints for that
// (like new()) so why Java doesn't?
A<> {
private T t = new T();

// Why it's impossible to get the class of generic type parameter?
// Sure, taking into account that it's impossible for int, double, ...
// there're reasons for that behavior. Again, why don't we use constraints
// for that (like class)?
class A {
<T>void func( T ) {
Class< ? > t = T.class;

5) Default type value

int t = default( int );
Integer t = default( Integer.class );

Hope, Sun is going to thieve something from C# in put it to the Java. Will see ...

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