Sunday, September 30, 2012

Redis pub/sub using Spring

Continuing to discover the powerful set of Redis features, the one worth mentioning about is out of the box support of pub/sub messaging.

Pub/Sub messaging is essential part of many software architectures. Some software systems demand from messaging solution to provide high-performance, scalability, queues persistence and durability, fail-over support, transactions, and many more nice-to-have features, which in Java world mostly always leads to using one of JMS implementation providers. In my previous projects I have actively used Apache ActiveMQ (now moving towards Apache ActiveMQ Apollo). Though it's a great implementation, sometimes I just needed simple queuing support and Apache ActiveMQ just looked overcomplicated for that.

Alternatives? Please welcome Redis pub/sub! If you are already using Redis as key/value store, few additional lines of configuration will bring pub/sub messaging to your application in no time.

Spring Data Redis project abstracts very well Redis pub/sub API and provides the model so familiar to everyone who uses Spring capabilities to integrate with JMS.

As always, let's start with the POM configuration file. It's pretty small and simple, includes necessary Spring dependencies, Spring Data Redis and Jedis, great Java client for Redis.



    4.0.0
    com.example.spring
    redis
    0.0.1-SNAPSHOT
    jar

    
        UTF-8
        3.1.1.RELEASE
    

    
        
            org.springframework.data
            spring-data-redis
            1.0.1.RELEASE
        

        
            cglib
            cglib-nodep
            2.2
        

        
            log4j
            log4j
            1.2.16
        

        
            redis.clients
            jedis
            2.0.0
            jar
        

        
            org.springframework
            spring-core
            ${spring.version}
        

        
            org.springframework
            spring-context
            ${spring.version}
           
       

       
           
               
                   org.apache.maven.plugins
                   maven-compiler-plugin
                   2.3.2
                   
                       1.6
                       1.6
                   
               
           
    


Moving on to configuring Spring context, let's understand what we need to have in order for a publisher to publish some messages and for a consumer to consume them. Knowing the respective Spring abstractions for JMS will help a lot with that.

  • we need connection factory -> JedisConnectionFactory
  • we need a template for publisher to publish messages -> RedisTemplate
  • we need a message listener for consumer to consume messages -> RedisMessageListenerContainer
Using Spring Java configuration, let's describe our context:
package com.example.redis.config;

import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;
import org.springframework.data.redis.connection.jedis.JedisConnectionFactory;
import org.springframework.data.redis.core.RedisTemplate;
import org.springframework.data.redis.listener.ChannelTopic;
import org.springframework.data.redis.listener.RedisMessageListenerContainer;
import org.springframework.data.redis.listener.adapter.MessageListenerAdapter;
import org.springframework.data.redis.serializer.GenericToStringSerializer;
import org.springframework.data.redis.serializer.StringRedisSerializer;
import org.springframework.scheduling.annotation.EnableScheduling;

import com.example.redis.IRedisPublisher;
import com.example.redis.impl.RedisMessageListener;
import com.example.redis.impl.RedisPublisherImpl;

@Configuration
@EnableScheduling
public class AppConfig {
    @Bean
    JedisConnectionFactory jedisConnectionFactory() {
        return new JedisConnectionFactory();
    }

    @Bean
    RedisTemplate< String, Object > redisTemplate() {
        final RedisTemplate< String, Object > template =  new RedisTemplate< String, Object >();
        template.setConnectionFactory( jedisConnectionFactory() );
        template.setKeySerializer( new StringRedisSerializer() );
        template.setHashValueSerializer( new GenericToStringSerializer< Object >( Object.class ) );
        template.setValueSerializer( new GenericToStringSerializer< Object >( Object.class ) );
        return template;
    }

    @Bean
    MessageListenerAdapter messageListener() {
        return new MessageListenerAdapter( new RedisMessageListener() );
    }

    @Bean
    RedisMessageListenerContainer redisContainer() {
        final RedisMessageListenerContainer container = new RedisMessageListenerContainer();

        container.setConnectionFactory( jedisConnectionFactory() );
        container.addMessageListener( messageListener(), topic() );

        return container;
    }
 
    @Bean
    IRedisPublisher redisPublisher() {
        return new RedisPublisherImpl( redisTemplate(), topic() );
    }

    @Bean
    ChannelTopic topic() {
        return new ChannelTopic( "pubsub:queue" );
    }
}

Very easy and straightforward. The presence of @EnableScheduling annotation is not necessary and is required only for our publisher implementation: the publisher will publish a string message every 100 ms.

package com.example.redis.impl;

import java.util.concurrent.atomic.AtomicLong;

import org.springframework.data.redis.core.RedisTemplate;
import org.springframework.data.redis.listener.ChannelTopic;
import org.springframework.scheduling.annotation.Scheduled;

import com.example.redis.IRedisPublisher;

public class RedisPublisherImpl implements IRedisPublisher {
    private final RedisTemplate< String, Object > template;
    private final ChannelTopic topic; 
    private final AtomicLong counter = new AtomicLong( 0 );

    public RedisPublisherImpl( final RedisTemplate< String, Object > template, 
            final ChannelTopic topic ) {
        this.template = template;
        this.topic = topic;
    }

    @Scheduled( fixedDelay = 100 )
    public void publish() {
        template.convertAndSend( topic.getTopic(), "Message " + counter.incrementAndGet() + 
            ", " + Thread.currentThread().getName() );
 }
}

And finally our message listener implementation (which just prints message on a console).

package com.example.redis.impl;

import org.springframework.data.redis.connection.Message;
import org.springframework.data.redis.connection.MessageListener;

public class RedisMessageListener implements MessageListener {
    @Override
    public void onMessage( final Message message, final byte[] pattern ) {
        System.out.println( "Message received: " + message.toString() );
    }
}

Awesome, just two small classes, one configuration to wire things together and we have full pub/sub messaging support in our application! Let's run the application as standalone ...

package com.example.redis;

import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.AnnotationConfigApplicationContext;

import com.example.redis.config.AppConfig;

public class RedisPubSubStarter {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        new AnnotationConfigApplicationContext( AppConfig.class );
    }
}
... and see following output in a console:
...
Message received: Message 1, pool-1-thread-1
Message received: Message 2, pool-1-thread-1
Message received: Message 3, pool-1-thread-1
Message received: Message 4, pool-1-thread-1
Message received: Message 5, pool-1-thread-1
Message received: Message 6, pool-1-thread-1
Message received: Message 7, pool-1-thread-1
Message received: Message 8, pool-1-thread-1
Message received: Message 9, pool-1-thread-1
Message received: Message 10, pool-1-thread-1
Message received: Message 11, pool-1-thread-1
Message received: Message 12, pool-1-thread-1
Message received: Message 13, pool-1-thread-1
Message received: Message 14, pool-1-thread-1
Message received: Message 15, pool-1-thread-1
Message received: Message 16, pool-1-thread-1
...
Great! There is much more which you could do with Redis pub/sub, excellent documentation is available for you on Redis official web site.

3 comments:

Neelesh Korade said...

Hi Adriy,

Thanks for the blog, it's quite helpful. I setup your example in my dev environment and got it running successfully. One thing I couldn't make out, though, is the place where number number of messages published by the publisher is set. Could you throw some light? May be it is a silly thing and I am not able to see the obvious.

Thank you
Neelesh

Neelesh Korade said...

Sorry for the stupid question. I see that the example runs infinitely. When I ran it the first time, I interrupted it but forgot about it. When I looked back at the console output, I misunderstood it that it exited on its own after publishing and consuming about 72 messages.

Thank you
Neelesh

Andriy Redko said...

Hi Neelesh,

Thank you for your comments. I am glad you have figured out everything yourself. Please don't hesitate to ask questions.

Thank you!

Best Regards,
Andriy Redko